During any type of anesthesia, the anesthesia provider is in continuous attendance, and you are continuously monitored with specialized equipment in order to detect any problems and ensure that your anesthetic course goes smoothly and safely.
Under general anesthesia, anesthetic drugs are administered intravenously (IV) or through a breathing mask or tube. You are unconscious and not aware of the surgery or your surroundings.
With regional anesthesia, the anesthesiologist injects medication around a nerve area that affects only a specific portion of your body. You may remain awake during the procedure or the anesthesiologist may give you a sedative. Spinal anesthesia for surgery and epidural relief of labor pain are common examples of regional anesthesia.
Local, with Monitoring (Also called MAC-Monitored Anesthesia Care)
With this approach, your surgeon or anesthesiologist injects a local anesthetic into your skin and tissues to numb a specific area for a procedure. In addition, sedation may also be given to allay anxiety and provide greater comfort.